Structural components of aircraft


The main structures of the planes are wings, fuselage and embedding. The main flight control surfaces, located in the wings and engagement, are spoilers, elevators and rudders. These parts are connected by seams, called boards.

All the joints constructed with rivets, screws or special fasteners are side by side. The fixations can not be used in boards in which the materials to be attached are not superimposed, for example, joints, ass and fabric. A hole pitch is a type of joint that is made when two metal surfaces retract one against the other in such a way that they overlap.

The internal parts of the aircraft are manufactured in four ways: milling, stamping, bending and extrusion. The metal of a milled part is transformed from casting into a forged primer by modeling it and then picking it up chemically or crushing it. A stamped part is recovered, it is placed in a forming press, and it is treated thermally again.

The folded parts are manufactured by means of sheet metal using the procedures for distribution and distribution of flexions. An extrusion is a part of aircraft that is formed by forcing the metal through a preformed die. The forged forms that are obtained are used as sparks, strings, lengths or channels. Because extrusion, bending or formation of the metal, it must first be manufactured malleable and ductile by means of annealing. After the shaping operation, the metal is warmed up again and hardened by age.

Ala Airbus

Here, in the United Kingdom, and in particular in the installation of Airbus in Northern Wales, our experience is the manufacture of aircraft wings. Aircraft wings must be strong enough to withstand positive flight forces, as well as negative landing forces. The metallic wings are of two types: semicanter and full cantilever. Semi-trimmed or braided wings are used in light aircraft. They are externally supported by tips or cables that want to connect the fuselage to the wing. A full wing of overhang is usually made of stronger metal. It does not require external media or media. The skin is part of the stress of the wing. The common parts of both wing designs are spikes, compression ribs, back ribs, strings, tension plates and vests. wing tips and winged skins.

Airbus to Broughton employs more than 5,000 people, mostly in manufacturing, but also in engineering and support functions such as recruitment and finance.

Wing protection

You use two or more brooms in the construction of a wing. They carry the main longitudinal load -butt to tip- of the wing. Both the spine and a compression rib connect the wing to the fuselage.

Compression ribs

The compression ribs carry the main charge in the direction of the flight, from the main edge to the final edge. In some airplanes, the compression rib is a structural piece of tubes that separates two main squads. The main function of the compression rib is to absorb the force applied to the algae when the aircraft is in flight.

Old ribs

An old rib, made of light metal, joins the lambs and the skins of the wing to give the wing its aerodynamic shape. The anterior ribs can be classified as ribs of the nose, posterior ribs and middle ribs that move forward and aft between the anterior and posterior filet. The former members are not considered primary structural members.


The strings are made of thin sheets of extruded aluminum alloy preformed or hand-formatted. They run in front of the back along the fuselage and the head of the wing at the tip of the wing. The riveting of the wing skin both on the rope and on the ribs provides additional strength to the wing.

Stress plates

Stress plates are used on the wings to withstand the weight of the fuel tank. Some voltage plates are of heavy metal and other corrugated thin metal for their resistance. Stress plates are generally kept in place for long rows of machine screws, with self-locking nuts, which are fired in specially mounted channels. The channeling of the voltage plate goes back to the ribs and the compression ribs.


The rifles or gear plates are used on the planes to unite and strengthen the structural members that cross each other. Gussets is used to transfer tensions from one member to another at the point where members are joining.

Advice on the wing

The tip of the wing, the outer edge of the wing, has two purposes: To aerodynamically smooth the flow of air from the tip of the wing and give the # 39 ; a finished look.

Wing skins

The skins of the wing cover the inner parts and provide a fluid air to the surface of the wing. To the full wings of cantilevers, the skins bring stress. However, all skins of wings should be treated as primary structures whether on broken or complete surfaces.

Fuse assemblies

The largest of the structural components of the aircraft, there are two types of metallic fuselage: complete monococc and semimonocca. The full monocoque fuselage has fewer internal parts and a much more stressed skin than the semimonocca fuselage, which uses the internal arm to gain strength.

The full monocoque fuselage is generally used in smaller aircraft, because stressed skin eliminates the need for narrow strings, previous rings and other internal brackets, easing the aircraft structure.

The semimonocene fuselage derives its strength from the following internal parts: slats, long beams, keel beams, drag ropes, body brackets, previous rings and ropes.

Massive points

A mampostra is a structural partition, generally located in the fuselage, which normally runs perpendicular to the beam of the keel or longons. Some examples of mamposters locations are the wing corners connected to the fuselage, where cabin pressurization domes are fixed to the structure of the fuselage and to the entrance doors of passengers or cargo.

I do Longerons and Keel

Keel longs and beams perform the same function in an aircraft fuselage. Both carry the bulk of the load traveling forward and aft. The keel and the long beams, the strongest sections of the air box, attach their weight to other parts of airplanes, such as power stations, fuel cells and landing gear.

Razors and other accessories

The crawler cords and body support accessories are other primary structural members. Drag cords are used on large jet aircraft to bind to the center section of the fuselage. Body support accessories are used to withstand structures that form partition or floor sections.

The old rings and fuselage cords are not primary structural members. The old rings are used to shape the fuselage. The fuselage chains that are put to the front and to the pop are used to tie the massive walls and

old rings

Aircraft Packing Section

The wrap is the tail section of an airplane. It consists of a horizontal stabilizer, elevator, vertical stabilizer and rudder. The conventional push section contains the same type of parts that are used in the construction of a wing. The internal parts of the stabilizers and their flight controls are carried out with escarpers, ribs, strings and skins.

In addition, tail sections, such as wings, can be trimmed externally or internally.

Stabilizer and horizontal elevator

The horizontal stabilizer is connected to a surface of primary control, that is, in the elevator. The elevator causes the nose of the aircraft to rise up or down. As a whole, the stabilizer and the horizontal elevator provide stability on the horizontal axis of the aircraft. On some planes, the horizontal stabilizer is made by means of a screw mount that allows the pilot to trim the aircraft during the flight.

Stabilizer and vertical rudder

The vertical stabilizer is connected to the sternum from the fuselage and provides the aircraft with stability on the vertical axis. The rudder is connected to the vertical stabilizer, which aims to convert the aircraft on its vertical axis.


Elevators and rudders are main flight controls in the queue section. The ailerons are main flight controls connected to the wings. Located on the outboard portion of the wing, they allow the aircraft to rotate on the longitudinal axis.

When the right wing moves upward, the left side drops, so that the aircraft turns to the right. Because this action creates a tremendous force, the spoils must be constructed in order to resist them.

Flight controls are required from the top three in high-performance airplanes. To the wings of a wide body beam, for example, there are up to 13 flight controls, including spoilers, flaps and spoilers of large and low speed.

Flaps and Spoilers

The flaps of the wing increase the lift for takeoff and landing. The internal and outer solts, on the final edge of the wing, travel from the upright, which is the position of neutral aerodynamic flow, until it is lowered, causing the air to accumulate and create an elevator. The tip flaps: Krueger flaps and variable camera flaps – increase the size of the wing arrangement and allow the plane to detach or land on a shorter track. The own spoilers, located in the central section, are two purposes. High-speed airliners help steer the aircraft during the flight, and they are used to kill the aerodynamic uprising during deployment, deploying at the point of contact.

Trim tabs

The devices called the trim tabs are connected to the primary flight controls. They are used to fine-tune the flight route of an airplane. Cutting tabs are constructed like wings or spoilers, but they are

considerably smaller.