What is a medical flight and why do you have to be careful?


Typically, a medical flight involves an evacuation of the air or an air evacuation service offered for the sick and injured. This important information you need to know, since one day it could substantially reduce the time necessary to transport it from the scene of an accident at a hospital. Read on to learn a little about medical flights, you can even learn some things that could help you decide.

In general, the most typical passengers of these flights are people who have suffered serious traumatisms, respiratory insufficiency, brain injuries or cardiac complications. You will find that aerial evacuation services and other types of medical flight offer 3 levels of care to treat the best. individual on board:

  1. Simple vital support: this type of care is perfect for people with mild medical conditions, possibly requiring breathable air or IV supplement.
  2. Advanced vital support: patients who need this treatment category require more consideration. It is possible that you need a multiplied verification of the problem in a continuous calendar, along with the means to access intravenous amenities and drug dispensaries.
  3. Critical care support: a person in trouble who needs this type of specific assistance will need a continuous inspection, the typical maintenance of drugs, the use of highly specialized equipment and various specialized devices that help preserve life in crisis .

While not all air traffic providers maintain the same standard for attention, the most responsible companies will share the following principles:

Specifications. Aircraft must be chosen for both cost efficiency and fuel economy. The wide accesses are also essential because they allow for the comfortable entry / exit of the aircraft.

Formation. Medical personnel on board will follow difficult training programs before working on the aircraft. Such rigorous standards guarantee that patients receive only the best care.

Regulations. Compliance with the policies of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for all planes exceeding 29,000 feet. These practices are important because flying to this elevation means a faster trip and comfort and ease for the affected person.

If you or someone you know is in a situation that requires an air ambulance service, having the most basic understanding of medical flights can help you decide on a carrier and know what to look for. Of course, if you are not sure if you need medical flight services, you can always check with the company to determine if you need to use a road ambulance or an air ambulance.


RC Electric Helicopter – MAWA010B2 – First Flight Review


I decided to buy my MAWA010B2 in red for myself. We sold this low cost helicopter and wanted to see how they really want. So I thought I would have one and then I could make a flight review for my clients.

I received the MAW010B2 (for those who do not know that MAW means Model Airplane Workroom) and was ready to fly. It had remote control, AC adapter, rechargeable battery (Li-Po) and a proper instruction manual on how to fly this RC. I opened the box and removed everything. After firing it, I asked if the leaves were broken and I tried to straighten them out, and then I wanted to tighten them because they seemed to be loose. This is fine, they are loose and can fold, when you fly with this RC helicopter, you do not have to tighten these leaves and you will not have to tighten them, they will be tightened immediately when you slowly press the acceleration forward. Like other startup helicopters in China, the instructions are a bit difficult to understand in parts, they have not written someone who speaks English as a first language, but you can find them. I did not understand how long I will load the helicopter the first time. After the first time, you should load the helicopter for two hours to get a good time.

Once I read it all and I loaded the battery until it felt hot enough, that for about 2 hours, I disconnected the charger and connected the battery to the helicopter engine. This RC helicopter is nice because you only throw away the front plastic piece by undoing the two main hooks and charging the battery while you are still in the helicopter, and when it is finished, it takes ten seconds to hook the battery to the helicopter and pull out down the plastic piece to look at. The controller needs 8 AA batteries to operate. Once I had them, it was time to try it.

Make sure that you have the antenna all elongated, since this type of helicopter is only about 30 feet wide. Do not let this helicopter out of the range, if it goes down too much, just put it below it and slowly lower the accelerator, never less than halfway, and if the helicopter starts to lower, press the accelerator up . the helicopter comes out to level. I learned the hard way that if you let it start to fall too fast, hitting everything together will not stop this copter enough, and the first thing that can be broken will be the skates. Nothing that a small superglue, electricians and patience can not fix, but what a pain. So, stay there and do not let it go too fast. The lower rails can be undone and replaced, I have not discovered how additional pieces can be ordered for this particular model, so if someone knows you, I would like to know.

Here's another tip. The first time I flew this RC helicopter, it was out, and somewhat windy, I did not really notice the wind, but my helicopter did. The first time you fly this RC, I would recommend that the interior of a gym, or just a very open parking lot or a field in the grass could be better. The first thing I did was slowly propel the accelerator, cause the propellers to move, and, as the instructions say, I pushed it further to remove the helicopter on the ground so that it did not leak and break something. But once in the air, make sure you pull off the accelerator machine so that it does not exit high. My suggestion is to take the time of the first three or four flights and keep it as 6 to 8 feet of ground and practice it to turn and fly in certain directions. Be patient, that's why I rejected my own, I was not patient and wanted to "See what I could do," which was obviously a mistake.

When you turn on the control the first time. Turn on the helicopter first and turn on the red light, which is a bit cool at night, the front of the computer is illuminated, which in the red helicopter looked good. But when this is started, turn the remote control with the switch. The red light will blink and will turn off again. Take advantage of the accelerator slowly once again, you will notice that the helicopter will not be lit. At the top, full of acceleration (the trigger on the left), the light will blink very quickly, then lower the accelerator to the bottom, and the light will remain throughout the path, and then blink slower after a minute. . Now you're calibrated and ready to fly.

Directly to the right of the left shutter there is a slider, the slider up, the more acceleration you will get in all the positions, I put my 2/3 ascent. If your helicopter is too hard for you to climb (no more than 20 to 30 feet), then return it. If it is too easy to climb, download it. If you can not get up easily, also keep in mind that you may need to download batteries and need recharging. The right trigger is to turn the helicopter clockwise or to the left with the use of the rear propeller. It can also be increased to provide a push forward, not so much, but a bit of movement. It can also be calibrated with all sliding switches. I'm not yet a professional, so you'll have to play with it, but while you are, they suggest low heights.

This helicopter can take a 5 or 6-foot drop in disorder, simply turn off the accelerator all the way, so that the leaves do not catch on the ground if it is inverted, I can imagine that something would break, but I have not had this problem yet.

In the bottom line, the MAW010B2 is a great helicopter for beginners 12 and older for a steering wheel, although I suggest that under-16s have an adult and the learning curve should be slow. The battery, fully charged, will last between 10 and 15 minutes of solid flight. It could load a little faster, but when it's ready, forget about the unpleasant wait. It is one of the most beautiful startup models. It looks modern. I have already had several compliments. With proper care and a great flight capacity, I am sure that this particular RC electric helicopter will make you enjoy over time. To extend it, you must always charge the battery immediately after the flight is exhausted and then give it 5 minutes before returning to take the flight to allow the engine to cool. This will help prevent the "combustion" of the engine. Never leave the battery totally unloaded for a long period of time. Storing a downloaded Li-Po battery could cause it to not be charged and you should have to replace the battery sooner rather than later. The batteries are not cheap. And always, always fly in an area completely free of obstacles to reduce the possibility of damage when it crashes. If you are patient and do not want out of your control, it will give you some time. It will give you a lot of profit for your value.

To see a photo or buy the MAW010B2, take a look at our site. Also, do not hesitate to see all the other RC electric helicopters.


Discount rate tips: learn how to look for affordable airline tickets for your next trip


Travel plans can become expensive, so it is important to find savings wherever you can. Discount airfares are very desirable, as they are not readily available or easy to obtain, especially if your travel plans are specific.

It is not impossible to find cheap airline tickets, however. Here are some things you can do to get a good deal.

Set price alerts

There are applications that you can install and they will notify you whenever the air fare has a certain price. All you have to do is enter the city of departure, destination and dates. Since prices go up and down all the time in the airline industry, you never know when it can be reduced to something you can afford. It is important to receive alerts so you do not miss out.

Try the flexibility at any time and anywhere

Once again, it is more difficult to find discount airfares when your plans are specific. If you have to be absolutely in a particular city at any given time, at least try to be flexible with the city of departure or the destination airport. You may find a cheaper airplane ticket if you want at an alternative airport and take a bus or a rental car to your destination. Another option is perhaps to see if it is cheaper to fly a day off and just stay in a cheap hotel.

Think of flying out of hour and day

Red-eye flights are often less expensive due to their discomfort. Nobody wants to fly on an airplane at 4 in the morning. If you do not mind the inconvenience, you will find a better chance of saving.

Do not forget about additional expenses

Regarding the discounted airfares, you might think that you are getting a good deal, but when you arrive on board, you will know that your drinks and snacks are not free. Even water or juice will cost money. Or you may have to pay more only to carry a handbag, when other airlines do not completely charge.

Book your flight 7 weeks in advance

According to data collected from the Corporation of Airlines Communications, passengers pay almost 10% below the average rate if they buy about 50 days before the flight. Not always this way, but it works on average.

Think of combining the airfare with a hotel stay

Sometimes airline companies and the hotel industry work together to bring discounts or holiday packages. You may be asked to stay in a specific hotel for a minimum number of nights, but there are usually several options available. You'll surely find one that works with your plans.

Keep these guidelines in mind when looking for discount airfares and you'll have some luck.

At Travelocity you will find all the travel tips and resources you need to get discount airfares. It's easy to compare prices and airline tickets. Whatever place you need, you can get good offers with Travelocity coupons.


What's the difference between a charter plane and a commercial plane?


When you need to find a faster and more efficient way to handle the flight, you should know it what is a chartered plane?. A chartered aircraft is significantly different than a commercial plan. If you want to take full advantage of your flight experience, you need to understand what are the differences between a charter airplane and a commercial aircraft.

A commercial plane is restricted to a programming and is owned by a commercial company. This means that you must adhere to the schedule they want. This can not only affect your travel plans, but also your business plans. A nautical aircraft is owned by a private company. These companies will be contacted by a private person and will be informed about the destination to which this person wants to fly. Therefore, the plane will only work on the day you have booked and will fly to the desired destination. This will give you the benefit if you have to get to somewhere quickly or if you have an emergency situation that requires immediate attention.

Private airplanes and companies offer you a great service that commercial airline companies can not offer you. If you are in a hurry and need to arrive quickly to a destination, you can call a chartered plane. Like a taxi that would be next to the road, this service is already available in the sky. Some rental companies offer this great service: all you have to do is give them a phone call and they will provide you with an airplane to take you from your destination in a timely manner.

You can enjoy a much more personal experience when using a charter airplane. Commercial flights are designed to reach as many people as possible at their destinations. This often means a lack of space and, of course, seats that are only suitable for young children. When you are looking for a more private flight experience, you must choose a rental plane. Instead of being forced to climb over the people and get crushed in their small seat, you can enjoy a chartered large plane. A charter airplane is smaller than a commercial plane, which means that there are fewer seats. Then you can sit back and relax in a spacious environment while your own host will attend. Rental aircraft also fly to destinations where commercial aircraft can not reach. This is because a rental plane is significantly smaller than a commercial aircraft and can land easily on a smaller landing strip.

Whether you want to fly in a commercial plane or a private plane. Ultimately, you will experience a much more private and individualized service on a charter airplane than on a commercial plane. Private plane is the only way to fly in style, quickly and comfortably.


Airline selections of cheap flights to Australia


The abundance of promotions and special offers for cheap flights to Australia have made the holidays low much more affordable. The passage to Australia, especially for low season trips – May and August until mid-September – has a favorable price compared to other long-haul destinations, such as Asia and the # 39; Europe.

Nonstop flights to Australia depart from Los Angeles and San Francisco. If you live in other parts of the U.S., you must first fly to California.

In recent years, flights to Australia have increased as existing airlines have added flights and the new airlines have started to service this route. This is good news for travelers: increased competition reduced the prices of flights to Australia.

When looking for the cheapest flights to Australia, you will find that airlines' consolidators tend to have the lowest prices. But when airlines try to fill the seats of their aircraft and offer a special promotion in the short term, their prices can not be overcome. Always check the prices of airlines that fly to Australia before buying your tickets.

Airlines flying to Australia:


Qantas, the Australian airline, offers the largest aircraft and most of the flights. With flights daily without a stopover from Los Angeles and less frequent flights from San Francisco, Qantas flies non-stop to Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne. Qantas offers shared code flights operated by American Airlines from many US cities to connect with flights from Los Angeles and San Francisco.

The Qantas website frequently includes low season flights, promotions that include a "free" flight to a city in Australia and special offers to Aussie AirPass. If you are a member of the American airlines of American Airlines, you can earn mileage points flying to Qantas in Australia and inside.


VAustralia, the newest addition to the Virgin Airlines Group, flies non-stop from Los Angeles to Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney. Connecting flights are available from other US cities in Verge and Delta America. VAustralia also offers a few flights departing from San Francisco.

Their aircraft on the Australia route are new, customized and decorated with an Australian theme and have comfortable seats for the long flight. The VAustralia website maintains the special offers that Qantas offers for cheap flights to Australia, but VAustralia does not offer special offers for flight packages that include other destinations within Australia.

Delta Airlines

Delta began flying to Sydney in 2009. Shortly after starting the service on this route, Delta signed a code sharing agreement with the Virgin Airlines Group, VAustralia, for international flights, and its sister airline, VirginBlue , for domestic flights within Australia.

Delta SkyMiles members with access to the Club can use the luxurious salons of the VirginBlue airport when traveling to Australia to VirginBlue or internationally to Delta or VAustralia.

United Airlines

United flies to Sydney from Los Angles and San Francisco, with connections from other cities in the United States. Rarely the United website will promote special sales on these flights. United does not fly within Australia.

Other airlines

Air New Zealand flies from Los Angeles and San Francisco to Australia, but the flights stop first in Auckland. This adds several hours to the total flight time in Australia. Their prices are very competitive.

Several Asian airlines also offer multi-scale flights to Australia. These flights are usually much more expensive than non-stop flights to Qantas, VAustralia, Delta or United.

Flying to the east

Travelers, for whom the comfort and luxury of the aircraft are more important than the price and a long-term non-stop flight, should consider flying to reach Australia. To a great extent, flying to the east is more expensive, but you can combine a visit to Singapore (Singapore Air has a nonstop daily flight from Newark to Singapore) or Dubai (Emirates offers two non-stop daily flights from JFK and no). stop flights from Houston, Los Angeles and San Francisco) with your vacation in Australia.


Duty of control of load


The purpose of the cargo control is to provide a safe operation of all flights with regard to the weight and balance of the aircraft. We must ensure that dangerous goods and / or special loads are loaded according to the regulations. If we carry your luggage properly, we ensure that passenger baggage is delivered promptly upon arrival and the transfer of luggage that is connected to other flights is granted. The charge control can be performed manually or in an EDP system. Every load controller must be capable of issuing manual documents in case of system failures. Below you will find the purpose of the documents to be issued for each flight.


The objective of the pre-calculation is:

– Calculation of the estimated volume and weight needed to load the luggage and the mail.

– Better economic offer to the loading department on the weight and volume available for the load.

– Calculation of the estimated weight of the aircraft. The dispatcher or commander needs this information to calculate the amount of fuel needed for a flight.

– According to these calculations, we can prepare to take into account the possible considerations in case of weight or volume problems.

The pre-calculation is mandatory in the case of manual loading sheets, if the load sheet is calculated in an EDP system, it is optional.

Load instruction

The purpose of the loading instruction is to distribute the planned load for a flight making sure:

– The aircraft will be loaded according to our instructions.

– The center of gravity will be within the given limits.

– It avoids making a plane tail jump.

– Various dangerous cargoes and cargo are loaded according to instructions.

– The load is loaded and downloaded in the correct sequence of priorities.

Load sheet

The purpose of the loading sheet is:

– Calculation of the weight of the actual load in an aircraft, making sure that the structural and operational weight limits of the aircraft are not exceeded.

– Aircraft gravity calculation center, making sure that the aircraft's balance is within the limits.

– Information to the crew about weight, balance and passengers on an airplane.

– Statistics

Notification to the captain

Notification to the captain (NOTOC) shows all dangerous goods and the various special loads that are loaded on an airplane. This information is important for the crew to take into account the correct procedure in case of incidents.


Post the necessary messages after the departure of the plane.


– Security always has the first priority!

– The priority sequence of economic timeliness and comfort of passengers depends on the situation.

– The correct application of the load control rules takes precedence over other station work, including punctuality.


5 tips for long-haul flights without stress


The world is getting smaller and smaller. Flying long-haul flights to places far away from business or pleasure is becoming increasingly popular. There are more planes, more airports to fly and more people willing to spend half a day or more in the air. It's simply easier and cheaper than before flying. Unfortunately, the experience of traveling to the other side of the world can be very stressful and exhausting, especially for those who are not initiated or who are not prepared. It should not be that way. Follow this guide for a great stress-free flight and you can sit back and enjoy the full experience.

Step 1: Do your homework:

A little homework will help you discover the right airline. The Internet is an excellent resource in this sense, but does not ignore that you are a local travel agent that can have a great customer experience with several airlines.

You may want to find out who will offer the room of the legs, how is the quality of the food and how well it has its customer service.

Most airline companies now offer some type of entertainment inside the seat, such as the Krisworld system of the Singapore airline (always very well) and I especially liked the camera's views on the airline's screen Japanese that allow you to see forwards from the nose of the aircraft or wherever you want to go. These systems are a good way to kill some hours of any flight.

Of course, the price is important and shopping around really gives you the money. Do not be afraid to go directly to the airline and check the special offers they may have, as well as using high-street and internet agents.

Step 2: Airport time:

Normally, it is planned to make 2 hours in advance of the long-haul flight, although you always pay a bit more, since most people will come to the queue at this time. It is best to spend 3 hours sitting in the living room with a good book that is in the queue of the entry record.

Of course, the better, the better you will be able to reserve a good seat. Many airlines are now introducing services to their websites that allow them to book seats, order meals and allow check-in through automated express check-in systems; the best way to do it from afar.

Step 3: Enjoy the flight:

On a 19 hour flight, it is important to stay busy. The obvious solution is a good book. I always start a book a few days before flying, so I'm "in" before boarding, ensuring a portion of previously planned escapism.

These days we are blessed with the technologies in the seat to keep us entertained, which will often include the latest box office films, video games and all kinds of television programs and flight information. I still find, however, that the book of trust is the best way to kill for a while.

The holy saint of the long-haul flight is capable of quality sleep. The quality of the air, the light sources, the noise and the upright upright seats are not conducive to falling asleep. An inflatable travel pillow, Ezysleep, for example, is designed to treat the problem of supporting your neck, on the right, but you can do other things. The ear plugs and an eye mask can help fight light and noise, so combine with the travel pillow for some quality sound.

If the food is not to be crushed, make sure you are prepared with some healthy snacks and good water supply. Maybe it's free, but alcohol and coffee are very dehydrating and this is the last thing you want in an arid environment. Adhere to water and fruit juices.

Most importantly, enjoy the flight. Enjoy this time away from mobiles and head and traffic and relax. At 40,000 feet away from everything, take full advantage of it.

Step 4: Keep yourself healthy:

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a constant concern for long-haul travelers. Although extremely rare, it is a very dangerous condition. It avoids the condition ensuring that the flow of blood around the body stays in motion.

Do the exercises recommended for video and flight magazines, make periodic walks for galley, toilet or up and down the corridors and drink plenty of water.

Step 5: Avoid Jet Lag:

The best way to avoid or minimize the jet lag is to start planning during the flight. Put the clock at the time of arrival as soon as you can and try to sleep when it's time of the night you go, although it means you're missing out on board food.

Keep drinking that water so you do not dehydrate when you land. When you reach the destination, do not touch the hay immediately. Try staying awake until dusk and you will have the best chance of adjusting quickly to the new time zone.


Structural components of aircraft


The main structures of the planes are wings, fuselage and embedding. The main flight control surfaces, located in the wings and engagement, are spoilers, elevators and rudders. These parts are connected by seams, called boards.

All the joints constructed with rivets, screws or special fasteners are side by side. The fixations can not be used in boards in which the materials to be attached are not superimposed, for example, joints, ass and fabric. A hole pitch is a type of joint that is made when two metal surfaces retract one against the other in such a way that they overlap.

The internal parts of the aircraft are manufactured in four ways: milling, stamping, bending and extrusion. The metal of a milled part is transformed from casting into a forged primer by modeling it and then picking it up chemically or crushing it. A stamped part is recovered, it is placed in a forming press, and it is treated thermally again.

The folded parts are manufactured by means of sheet metal using the procedures for distribution and distribution of flexions. An extrusion is a part of aircraft that is formed by forcing the metal through a preformed die. The forged forms that are obtained are used as sparks, strings, lengths or channels. Because extrusion, bending or formation of the metal, it must first be manufactured malleable and ductile by means of annealing. After the shaping operation, the metal is warmed up again and hardened by age.

Ala Airbus

Here, in the United Kingdom, and in particular in the installation of Airbus in Northern Wales, our experience is the manufacture of aircraft wings. Aircraft wings must be strong enough to withstand positive flight forces, as well as negative landing forces. The metallic wings are of two types: semicanter and full cantilever. Semi-trimmed or braided wings are used in light aircraft. They are externally supported by tips or cables that want to connect the fuselage to the wing. A full wing of overhang is usually made of stronger metal. It does not require external media or media. The skin is part of the stress of the wing. The common parts of both wing designs are spikes, compression ribs, back ribs, strings, tension plates and vests. wing tips and winged skins.

Airbus to Broughton employs more than 5,000 people, mostly in manufacturing, but also in engineering and support functions such as recruitment and finance.

Wing protection

You use two or more brooms in the construction of a wing. They carry the main longitudinal load -butt to tip- of the wing. Both the spine and a compression rib connect the wing to the fuselage.

Compression ribs

The compression ribs carry the main charge in the direction of the flight, from the main edge to the final edge. In some airplanes, the compression rib is a structural piece of tubes that separates two main squads. The main function of the compression rib is to absorb the force applied to the algae when the aircraft is in flight.

Old ribs

An old rib, made of light metal, joins the lambs and the skins of the wing to give the wing its aerodynamic shape. The anterior ribs can be classified as ribs of the nose, posterior ribs and middle ribs that move forward and aft between the anterior and posterior filet. The former members are not considered primary structural members.


The strings are made of thin sheets of extruded aluminum alloy preformed or hand-formatted. They run in front of the back along the fuselage and the head of the wing at the tip of the wing. The riveting of the wing skin both on the rope and on the ribs provides additional strength to the wing.

Stress plates

Stress plates are used on the wings to withstand the weight of the fuel tank. Some voltage plates are of heavy metal and other corrugated thin metal for their resistance. Stress plates are generally kept in place for long rows of machine screws, with self-locking nuts, which are fired in specially mounted channels. The channeling of the voltage plate goes back to the ribs and the compression ribs.


The rifles or gear plates are used on the planes to unite and strengthen the structural members that cross each other. Gussets is used to transfer tensions from one member to another at the point where members are joining.

Advice on the wing

The tip of the wing, the outer edge of the wing, has two purposes: To aerodynamically smooth the flow of air from the tip of the wing and give the # 39 ; a finished look.

Wing skins

The skins of the wing cover the inner parts and provide a fluid air to the surface of the wing. To the full wings of cantilevers, the skins bring stress. However, all skins of wings should be treated as primary structures whether on broken or complete surfaces.

Fuse assemblies

The largest of the structural components of the aircraft, there are two types of metallic fuselage: complete monococc and semimonocca. The full monocoque fuselage has fewer internal parts and a much more stressed skin than the semimonocca fuselage, which uses the internal arm to gain strength.

The full monocoque fuselage is generally used in smaller aircraft, because stressed skin eliminates the need for narrow strings, previous rings and other internal brackets, easing the aircraft structure.

The semimonocene fuselage derives its strength from the following internal parts: slats, long beams, keel beams, drag ropes, body brackets, previous rings and ropes.

Massive points

A mampostra is a structural partition, generally located in the fuselage, which normally runs perpendicular to the beam of the keel or longons. Some examples of mamposters locations are the wing corners connected to the fuselage, where cabin pressurization domes are fixed to the structure of the fuselage and to the entrance doors of passengers or cargo.

I do Longerons and Keel

Keel longs and beams perform the same function in an aircraft fuselage. Both carry the bulk of the load traveling forward and aft. The keel and the long beams, the strongest sections of the air box, attach their weight to other parts of airplanes, such as power stations, fuel cells and landing gear.

Razors and other accessories

The crawler cords and body support accessories are other primary structural members. Drag cords are used on large jet aircraft to bind to the center section of the fuselage. Body support accessories are used to withstand structures that form partition or floor sections.

The old rings and fuselage cords are not primary structural members. The old rings are used to shape the fuselage. The fuselage chains that are put to the front and to the pop are used to tie the massive walls and

old rings

Aircraft Packing Section

The wrap is the tail section of an airplane. It consists of a horizontal stabilizer, elevator, vertical stabilizer and rudder. The conventional push section contains the same type of parts that are used in the construction of a wing. The internal parts of the stabilizers and their flight controls are carried out with escarpers, ribs, strings and skins.

In addition, tail sections, such as wings, can be trimmed externally or internally.

Stabilizer and horizontal elevator

The horizontal stabilizer is connected to a surface of primary control, that is, in the elevator. The elevator causes the nose of the aircraft to rise up or down. As a whole, the stabilizer and the horizontal elevator provide stability on the horizontal axis of the aircraft. On some planes, the horizontal stabilizer is made by means of a screw mount that allows the pilot to trim the aircraft during the flight.

Stabilizer and vertical rudder

The vertical stabilizer is connected to the sternum from the fuselage and provides the aircraft with stability on the vertical axis. The rudder is connected to the vertical stabilizer, which aims to convert the aircraft on its vertical axis.


Elevators and rudders are main flight controls in the queue section. The ailerons are main flight controls connected to the wings. Located on the outboard portion of the wing, they allow the aircraft to rotate on the longitudinal axis.

When the right wing moves upward, the left side drops, so that the aircraft turns to the right. Because this action creates a tremendous force, the spoils must be constructed in order to resist them.

Flight controls are required from the top three in high-performance airplanes. To the wings of a wide body beam, for example, there are up to 13 flight controls, including spoilers, flaps and spoilers of large and low speed.

Flaps and Spoilers

The flaps of the wing increase the lift for takeoff and landing. The internal and outer solts, on the final edge of the wing, travel from the upright, which is the position of neutral aerodynamic flow, until it is lowered, causing the air to accumulate and create an elevator. The tip flaps: Krueger flaps and variable camera flaps – increase the size of the wing arrangement and allow the plane to detach or land on a shorter track. The own spoilers, located in the central section, are two purposes. High-speed airliners help steer the aircraft during the flight, and they are used to kill the aerodynamic uprising during deployment, deploying at the point of contact.

Trim tabs

The devices called the trim tabs are connected to the primary flight controls. They are used to fine-tune the flight route of an airplane. Cutting tabs are constructed like wings or spoilers, but they are

considerably smaller.


Essential trust


Basic training Flying

I will always remember my first training flight. I was a training student of air training pilots of the Air Force (UPT) and I was in the T-37 Tweet, a side plane, of two places. Until then, being always near another plane on the flight was always bad, so I spent most of this particular flight worrying about not joining my friend.

Initially, a very basic flight maneuver was performed together and the fundamental hand signals used in a company like this were tested. We introduced several techniques, such as return and direct reincorporations, change of thread, etc. In total, he learned about the different responsibilities between the leader of the flight and the driver of the game.

Leadership needed to be planned ahead and be decisive, but quite reasonable. The leadership of the flight should also be taken into account in the wake, such as not getting 100% power up so that the "wingie" had the power to stay in position. Although the two pilots shared the responsibility of not clashing with each other, the driver of the game played a bigger role in this and focused on lead aircraft.

The maintenance of the assigned position was an essential role for the flight wing and this required the scan of the lead aircraft much like scanning a picture of instruments for good perception and in-depth positioning. Of course, there were standard definitions of all the training parameters. As we progressed through the UPT, performance expectations became more demanding and introduced to additional types of training and maneuvers.

Advanced Training Flight

After graduating from the UPT and going to advanced flight schools, the training standards were very much like a student who was able to read to learn. Training was no longer the main one, but a necessary part of the flying combatants. Arrived at this point, flying without another plane in the vicinity made any of us feel naked. Mutual support between two or more aircraft had been made naturally and valued. The flutter of verbal and non-verbal signals was now of a second nature. In the tactical flight, the types of training were sometimes widely separated, but, nevertheless, they were formations.

In all this, the lesson of mutual trust was a fundamental principle that we all lived. Sometimes this basic value was violated with potentially disastrous results. Later in my career, I participated in a four-F-15 flight including a general officer who had not flown enough in recent weeks. Very soon on the flight, the rest of us realized that this pilot needed some repair work. In retrospect, the flight's command should have sent this senior pilot to his home. I can still imagine the group that we are a little committed to keeping ourselves apart from the pilot and offending plane. This was a lesson about the importance of trust and not taking it for granted.

One of the non-negotiable elements of a leadership environment is trust. Everything goes up or falls on this item. A second closely related piece is communication because trust is built, maintained or reduced by exchanging words and ideas. Let's direct each one to the next.

Confidence and leadership

Why Trust Is Important For Leadership? Without confidence, individuals are not open to each other. They hide behind a facade for personal protection. In any healthy human relationship, there is a basic question on the surface that says: "How much does it matter?" Again, emphasize the healthy word. Most people will not keep a long-term friendship with someone who confuses them, tears them or devalues ​​them. We've all worked at some time for a boss who was a clumsy. You can be sure that there was some type of reaction first internally and then externally. The instinct of "fight or flight" was kicking.

Think of that boss you thought was a little. What would happen if he or she had approached you asking for contributions for a next project? If you knew that your ideas were not valued or used constantly, what probability you had to contribute openly? You may have made some useful comments based on your personal values, but you have probably stopped giving a high quality thesis.

The other, think about working again for a boss that got you the best. This person constantly appreciated your participation and implemented at least some of your thoughts as a final solution. Now, how likely would you have to offer thoughts about a next task? It was probably hard to keep silent! Why the difference between the two scenarios? In a word: trust. With the passage of time, most healthy people are not very happy wherever they are not invited.

Try to imagine how trust in a team that has problems with a problem impacts. With low confidence, the members suspect the other orders of the day. The old saying of "knowledge is power" can be the phrase of the day, since the supposed colleagues posture and play for what is more self-sufficient instead of the task that concerns us. With high confidence, each participant is fully committed and valued. More importantly, collective paradigms meet for powerful discussions that lead to incredible solutions. Most of us gravitate towards this last high-confidence environment. After all, it's good, the net fun of adults is part of a great solution for the best team at all.

The idea of ​​promoting high trust is not advocating an excessively sensitive atmosphere or one that is too "sassy". Plastic interaction can be more annoying than other dysfunctional behaviors. The primary issue is for the benefit of the company. The Air Force defines it as "Service before me." In a context of principle, this is an inspiring challenge for all those who want to leave something better than they found.


A part of the anatomy of trust is communication. It may be surprising how we perceive others. I might think I'm efficient and thinking about business. Another person could say that I am of short temper and disregarded. An authentic student of leadership is very interested in growing self-knowledge to improve communication and thus cultivate high confidence relationships. It is not about doing a very good job, but of improving business work. Of the number of heads I have worked over the years, some stand out, like those who still would leave everything and would help with a moment.

Building and maintaining trust: careful and brave communication is needed to create confidence: considered because it shows that I have value and what you bring to the mix; brave because most people can detect authenticity or their lack. If someone is less than authentic, it causes others to ask why & # 39; and distrust of a hidden agenda. On the other hand, if it is a person considered, someone who is a person who is considered something, trust is generated. (I believe that person, this person is really interested in working together, etc.).

Another important part of building and maintaining trust is taking and maintaining commitments. When a team evaluates how to reach long-range goals, the players of the group will have to participate and this is where the commitment is committed. Making a promise is fantastic, but it is only half of the equation. It is essential that the member maintains the commitment otherwise, it would have been better not to have made the promise in the first place.

Tearing Down Trust – Of course, doing the opposite of the building and maintaining trust will entail sabotaging trust in relationships. This can be due to the simple lack of attention versus the bad will. This reinforces why the developing leader must constantly cultivate self-knowledge. High-impact solutions are manufactured from high-confidence relationships.

While some may deny the value of trust, it is a multiplier of forces that deserves to be considered in any organization. Certainly, there are organizations that operate and make money without high trust. How much more profitable would they be with improved confidence?


Camera pre-flight communication in real time of digital cameras Communication loads necessary for security


It seems that as fast as technologists can present new devices and innovations, entrepreneurs can think of endless applications for them. I have always found this fascinating, not because I personally have enough to recognize the uses for these things in the real world in many industries, but because I see that other people have a similar mentality to do the same. Well, I would like to take a case as an example here today; then, I would like to discuss it with you if I could do it.

As a pilot, I was taught soon to devote time before flying, this is where the pilot looks at the aircraft to see if there is anything out of place that could affect the aircraft's performance. Only on a few occasions have I watched an airplane and I decided that it was not worth the risk to fly it and I called someone to have a second look, usually an expert aircraft mechanic. When it comes to the safety of the airline, this is still a more important issue, there are more lives at stake.

Not long ago, I was watching a very interesting product video to the International Armed Forces – Military IT News entitled; "Inzpire IT Systems for Aircraft Military", published on September 17, 2013. I thought that if a device similar to water and weather testing, a pilot could watch and fly before the plane and if there was something wrong. , a digital image and / or video in high resolution could be made and sent to a real-time airtime mechanic. Then, keep a conversation with the mechanic to find out if it was simply a guain element that should be noted in the aircraft maintenance record, or it meant that it should be indicated that the " Aircraft is not out of service.

Having this ability would effectively lead to better decision-making and, therefore, better security. Airline companies could save money and perhaps the fast inspection time could mean fewer flight delays, less ramp travel, and, all this, save money for airlines, which all airlines must consider these days with the high prices of new aircraft. and union demands.

How simple would it be to create a real-time video and digital power system, along with the instantaneous conference call on the phone? There is already a piece of cake with all the technology, just use it. In fact, you could also send a robot to pre-plane protection in bad weather, again all in real time using basically the same types of hardware and equipment; "This is your system of robot inspection before the flight. There seems to be a problem here, what are your thoughts on this human pilot?"